Essay On Poor Richards Almanack By Benjamin Franklin

I have heard that nothing gives an Author so great Pleasure, as to find his Works respectfully quoted by other learned Authors. This Pleasure I have seldom enjoyed; for tho’ I have been, if I may say it without Vanity, an eminent Author of Almanacks annually now a full Quarter of a Century, my Brother Authors in the same Way, for what Reason I know not, have ever been very sparing in their Applauses; and no other Author has taken the least Notice of me, so that did not my Writings produce me some solid Pudding, the great Deficiency of Praise would have quite discouraged me.

I concluded at length, that the People were the best Judges of my Merit; for they buy my Works; and besides, in my Rambles, where I am not personally known, I have frequently heard one or other of my Adages repeated, with, as Poor Richard says, at the End on’t; this gave me some Satisfaction, as it showed not only that my Instructions were regarded, but discovered likewise some Respect for my Authority; and I own, that to encourage the Practice of remembering and repeating those wise Sentences, I have sometimes quoted myself with great Gravity.

Judge then how much I must have been gratified by an Incident I am going to relate to you. I stopt my Horse lately where a great Number of People were collected at a Vendue of Merchant Goods. The Hour of Sale not being come, they were conversing on the Badness of the Times, and one of the Company call’d to a plain clean old Man, with white Locks, Pray, Father Abraham, what think you of the Times? Won’t these heavy Taxes quite ruin the Country? How shall we be ever able to pay them? What would you advise us to? ——Father Abraham stood up, and reply’d, If you’d have my Advice, I’ll give it you in short, for a Word to the Wise is enough, and many Words won’t fill a Bushel, as Poor Richard says.3 They join’d in desiring him to speak his Mind, and gathering round him, he proceeded as follows;

“Friends, says he, and Neighbours, the Taxes are indeed very heavy, and if those laid on by the Government were the only Ones we had to pay, we might more easily discharge them; but we have many others, and much more grievous to some of us. We are taxed twice as much by our Idleness, three times as much by our Pride, and four times as much by our Folly, and from these Taxes the Commissioners cannot ease or deliver us by allowing an Abatement. However let us hearken to good Advice, and something may be done for us; God helps them that help themselves, as Poor Richard says, in his Almanack of 1733.4

It would be thought a hard Government that should tax its People one tenth Part of their Time, to be employed in its Service. But Idleness taxes many of us much more, if we reckon all that is spent in absolute Sloth, or doing of nothing, with that which is spent in idle Employments or Amusements, that amount to nothing. Sloth, by bringing on Diseases, absolutely shortens Life. Sloth, like Rust, consumes faster than Labour wears, while the used Key is always bright,5 as Poor Richard says. But dost thou love Life, then do not squander Time, for that’s the Stuff Life is made of,6 as Poor Richard says. How much more than is necessary do we spend in Sleep! forgetting that The sleeping Fox catches no Poultry,7 and that there will be sleeping enough in the Grave,8 as Poor Richard says. If Time be of all Things the most precious, wasting Time must be, as Poor Richard says, the greatest Prodigality,9 since, as he elsewhere tells us, Lost Time is never found again;10 and what we call Time-enough, always proves little enough:11 Let us then be up and be doing, and doing to the Purpose; so by Diligence shall we do more with less Perplexity. Sloth makes all Things difficult, but Industry all easy,12 as Poor Richard says; and He that riseth late, must trot all Day, and shall scarce overtake his Business at Night.13 While Laziness travels so slowly, that Poverty soon overtakes him,14 as we read in Poor Richard, who adds, Drive thy Business, let not that drive thee;15 and Early to Bed, and early to rise, makes a Man healthy, wealthy and wise.16

So what signifies wishing and hoping for better Times. We may make these Times better if we bestir ourselves. Industry need not wish,17 as Poor Richard says, and He that lives upon Hope will die fasting.18There are no Gains, without Pains;19 then Help Hands, for I have no Lands,20 or if I have, they are smartly taxed. And, as Poor Richard likewise observes, He that hath a Trade hath an Estate,1 and He that hath a Calling hath an Office of Profit and Honour;2 but then the Trade must be worked at, and the Calling well followed, or neither the Estate, nor the Office, will enable us to pay our Taxes. If we are industrious we shall never starve; for, as Poor Richard says, At the working Man’s House Hunger looks in, but dares not enter.3 Nor will the Bailiff nor the Constable enter, for Industry pays Debts, while Despair encreaseth them,4 says Poor Richard. What though you have found no Treasure, nor has any rich Relation left you a Legacy, Diligence is the Mother of Good luck,5 as Poor Richard says, and God gives all Things to Industry.6 Then plough deep, while Sluggards sleep, and you shall have Corn to sell and to keep,7 says Poor Dick. Work while it is called To-day, for you know not how much you may be hindered To-morrow, which makes Poor Richard say, One To-day is worth two Tomorrows;8 and farther, Have you somewhat to do To-morrow, do it To-day.9 If you were a Servant, would you not be ashamed that a good Master should catch you idle? Are you then your own Master, be ashamed to catch yourself idle,10 as Poor Dick says. When there is so much to be done for yourself, your Family, your Country, and your gracious King, be up by Peep of Day; Let not the Sun look down and say, Inglorious here he lies.11 Handle your Tools without Mittens; remember that the Cat in Gloves catches no Mice,12 as Poor Richard says. ’Tis true there is much to be done, and perhaps you are weak handed, but stick to it steadily, and you will see great Effects, for constant Dropping wears away Stones,13 and by Diligence and Patience the Mouse ate in two the Cable;14 and little Strokes fell great Oaks,15 as Poor Richard says in his Almanack, the Year I cannot just now remember.

Methinks I hear some of you say, Must a Man afford himself no Leisure? I will tell thee, my Friend, what Poor Richard says, Employ thy Time well if thou meanest to gain Leisure; and, since thou art not sure of a Minute,16throw not away an Hour.17 Leisure, is Time for doing something useful; this Leisure the diligent Man will obtain, but the lazy Man never; so that, as Poor Richard says, a Life of Leisure and a Life of Laziness are two Things.18 Do you imagine that Sloth will afford you more Comfort than Labour? No, for as Poor Richard says, Trouble springs from Idleness, and grievous Toil from needless Ease.19Many without Labour, would live by theirWITSonly, but they break for want of Stock.20 Whereas Industry gives Comfort, and Plenty, and Respect: Fly Pleasures, and they’ll follow you.1The diligent Spinner has a large Shift;2 and now I have a Sheep and a Cow, every Body bids me Good morrow;3 all which is well said by Poor Richard.

But with our Industry, we must likewise be steady, settled and careful, and oversee our own Affairs with our own Eyes, and not trust too much to others; for, as Poor Richard says,

I never saw an oft removed Tree,

Nor yet an oft removed Family,

That throve so well as those that settled be.4

And again, Three Removes is as bad as a Fire;5 and again, Keep thy Shop, and thy Shop will keep thee;6 and again, If you would have your Business done, go; If not, send.7 And again,

He that by the Plough would thrive,

Himself must either hold or drive.8

And again, The Eye of a Master will do more Work than both his Hands;9 and again, Want of Care does us more Damage than Want of Knowledge;10 and again, Not to oversee Workmen, is to leave them your Purse open.11 Trusting too much to others Care is the Ruin of many; for, as the Almanack says, In the Affairs of this World, Men are saved, not by Faith, but by the Want of it;12 but a Man’s own Care is profitable; for, saith Poor Dick, Learning is to the Studious, and Riches to the Careful, as well as Power to the Bold, and Heaven to the Virtuous.13 And farther, If you would have a faithful Servant, and one that you like, serve yourself.14 And again, he adviseth to Circumspection and Care, even in the smallest Matters, because sometimes a little Neglect may breed great Mischief;15 adding, For want of a Nail the Shoe was lost; for want of a Shoe the Horse was lost; and for want of a Horse the Rider was lost,16 being overtaken and slain by the Enemy, all for want of Care about a Horse-shoe Nail.

So much for Industry, my Friends, and Attention to one’s own Business; but to these we must add Frugality, if we would make our Industry more certainly successful. A Man may, if he knows not how to save as he gets, keep his Nose all his Life to the Grindstone,17and die not worth a Groat at last. A fat Kitchen makes a lean Will,18 as Poor Richard says; and,

Many Estates are spent in the Getting,

Since Women for Tea forsook Spinning and Knitting,

And Men for Punch forsook Hewing and Splitting.19

If you would be wealthy, says he, in another Almanack, think of Saving as well as of Getting: The Indies have not made Spain rich, because her Outgoes are greater than her Incomes.20 Away then with your expensive Follies, and you will not have so much Cause to complain of hard Times, heavy Taxes, and chargeable Families; for, as Poor Dick says,

Women and Wine, Game and Deceit,

Make the Wealth small, and the Wants great.1

And farther, What maintains one Vice, would bring up two Children.2 You may think perhaps, That a little Tea, or a little Punch now and then, Diet a little more costly, Clothes a little finer, and a little Entertainment now and then, can be no great Matter; but remember what Poor Richard says, Many a Little makes a Mickle;3 and farther, Beware of little Expences; a small Leak will sink a great Ship;4 and again, Who Dainties love, shall Beggars prove;5 and moreover, Fools make Feasts, and wise Men eat them.6

Here you are all got together at this Vendue of Fineries and Knicknacks. You call them Goods, but if you do not take Care, they will prove Evils to some of you. You expect they will be sold cheap, and perhaps they may for less than they cost; but if you have no Occasion for them, they must be dear to you. Remember what Poor Richard says, Buy what thou hast no Need of, and ere long thou shalt sell thy Necessaries.7 And again, At a great Pennyworth pause a while:8 He means, that perhaps the Cheapness is apparent only, and not real; or the Bargain, by straitning thee in thy Business, may do thee more Harm than Good. For in another Place he says, Many have been ruined by buying good Pennyworths.9 Again, Poor Richard says, ’Tis foolish to lay out Money in a Purchase of Repentance;10 and yet this Folly is practised every Day at Vendues, for want of minding the Almanack. Wise Men, as Poor Dick says, learn by others Harms, Fools scarcely by their own;11 but, Felix quem faciunt aliena Pericula cautum.12 Many a one, for the Sake of Finery on the Back, have gone with a hungry Belly, and half starved their Families; Silks and Sattins, Scarlet and Velvets, as Poor Richard says, put out the Kitchen Fire.13 These are not the Necessaries of Life; they can scarcely be called the Conveniencies, and yet only because they look pretty, how many want to have them. The artificial Wants of Mankind thus become more numerous than the natural; and, as Poor Dick says, For one poor Person, there are an hundred indigent.14 By these, and other Extravagancies, the Genteel are reduced to Poverty, and forced to borrow of those whom they formerly despised, but who through Industry and Frugality have maintained their Standing; in which Case it appears plainly, that a Ploughman on his Legs is higher than a Gentleman on his Knees,15 as Poor Richard says. Perhaps they have had a small Estate left them, which they knew not the Getting of; they think ’tis Day, and will never be Night; that a little to be spent out of so much, is not worth minding; (a Child and a Fool, as Poor Richard says, imagine Twenty Shillings and Twenty Years can never be spent)16 but, always taking out of the Meal-tub, and never putting in, soon comes to the Bottom;17 then, as Poor Dick says, When the Well’s dry, they know the Worth of Water.18 But this they might have known before, if they had taken his Advice; If you would know the Value of Money, go and try to borrow some;19 for, he that goes a borrowing goes a sorrowing;20 and indeed so does he that lends to such People, when he goes to get it in again. Poor Dick farther advises, and says,

Fond Pride of Dress, is sure a very Curse;

E’er Fancy you consult, consult your Purse.1

And again, Pride is as loud a Beggar as Want, and a great deal more saucy.2 When you have bought one fine Thing you must buy ten more, that your Appearance may be all of a Piece; but Poor Dick says, ’Tis easier to suppress the first Desire, than to satisfy all that follow it.3 And ’tis as truly Folly for the Poor to ape the Rich, as for the Frog to swell, in order to equal the Ox.

Great Estates may venture more,

But little Boats should keep near Shore.4

’Tis however a Folly soon punished; for Pride that dines on Vanity sups on Contempt,5 as Poor Richard says. And in another Place, Pride breakfasted with Plenty, dined with Poverty, and supped with Infamy.6 And after all, of what Use is this Pride of Appearance, for which so much is risked, so much is suffered? It cannot promote Health, or ease Pain; it makes no Increase of Merit in the Person, it creates Envy, it hastens Misfortune.

What is a Butterfly? At best

He’s but a Caterpillar drest.

The gaudy Fop’s his Picture just,7

as Poor Richard says.

But what Madness must it be to run in Debt for these Superfluities! We are offered, by the Terms of this Vendue, Six Months Credit; and that perhaps has induced some of us to attend it, because we cannot spare the ready Money, and hope now to be fine without it. But, ah, think what you do when you run in Debt; You give to another Power over your Liberty.8 If you cannot pay at the Time, you will be ashamed to see your Creditor; you will be in Fear when you speak to him; you will make poor pitiful sneaking Excuses, and by Degrees come to lose your Veracity, and sink into base downright lying; for, as Poor Richard says, The second Vice is Lying, the first is running in Debt.9 And again, to the same Purpose, Lying rides upon Debt’s Back.10 Whereas a freeborn Englishman ought not to be ashamed or afraid to see or speak to any Man living. But Poverty often deprives a Man of all Spirit and Virtue: ’Tis hard for an empty Bag to stand upright,11 as Poor Richard truly says. What would you think of that Prince, or that Government, who should issue an Edict forbidding you to dress like a Gentleman or a Gentlewoman, on Pain of Imprisonment or Servitude? Would you not say, that you are free, have a Right to dress as you please, and that such an Edict would be a Breach of your Privileges, and such a Government tyrannical? And yet you are about to put yourself under that Tyranny when you run in Debt for such Dress! Your Creditor has Authority at his Pleasure to deprive you of your Liberty, by confining you in Goal for Life, or to sell you for a Servant, if you should not be able to pay him! When you have got your Bargain, you may, perhaps, think little of Payment; but Creditors, Poor Richard tells us, have better Memories than Debtors;12 and in another Place says, Creditors are a superstitious Sect, great Observers of set Days and Times.13 The Day comes round before you are aware, and the Demand is made before you are prepared to satisfy it. Or if you bear your Debt in Mind, the Term which at first seemed so long, will, as it lessens, appear extreamly short. Time will seem to have added Wings to his Heels as well as Shoulders. Those have a short Lent, saith Poor Richard, who owe Money to be paid at Easter.14 Then since, as he says, The Borrower is a Slave to the Lender, and the Debtor to the Creditor,15 disdain the Chain, preserve your Freedom; and maintain your Independency: Be industrious and free; be frugal and free. At present, perhaps, you may think yourself in thriving Circumstances, and that you can bear a little Extravagance without Injury; but,

For Age and Want, save while you may;

No Morning Sun lasts a whole Day,16

as Poor Richard says. Gain may be temporary and uncertain, but ever while you live, Expence is constant and certain; and ’tis easier to build two Chimnies than to keep one in Fuel,17 as Poor Richard says. So rather go to Bed supperless than rise in Debt.18

Get what you can, and what you get hold;

’Tis the Stone that will turn all your Lead into Gold,19

as Poor Richard says. And when you have got the Philosopher’s Stone, sure you will no longer complain of bad Times, or the Difficulty of paying Taxes.

This Doctrine, my Friends, is Reason and Wisdom; but after all, do not depend too much upon your own Industry, and Frugality, and Prudence, though excellent Things, for they may all be blasted without the Blessing of Heaven; and therefore ask that Blessing humbly, and be not uncharitable to those that at present seem to want it, but comfort and help them. Remember Job suffered, and was afterwards prosperous.

And now to conclude, Experience keeps a dear School, but Fools will learn in no other, and scarce in that;20 for it is true, we may give Advice, but we cannot give Conduct,1 as Poor Richard says: However, remember this, They that won’t be counselled, can’t be helped,2 as Poor Richard says: And farther, That if you will not hear Reason, she’ll surely rap your Knuckles.3

Thus the old Gentleman ended his Harangue. The People heard it, and approved the Doctrine, and immediately practised the contrary, just as if it had been a common Sermon; for the Vendue opened, and they began to buy extravagantly, notwithstanding all his Cautions, and their own Fear of Taxes. I found the good Man had thoroughly studied my Almanacks, and digested all I had dropt on those Topicks during the Course of Five-and-twenty Years. The frequent Mention he made of me must have tired any one else, but my Vanity was wonderfully delighted with it, though I was conscious that not a tenth Part of the Wisdom was my own which he ascribed to me, but rather the Gleanings I had made of the Sense of all Ages and Nations. However, I resolved to be the better for the Echo of it; and though I had at first determined to buy Stuff for a new Coat, I went away resolved to wear my old One a little longer. Reader, if thou wilt do the same, thy Profit will be as great as mine. I am, as ever, Thine to serve thee,

Richard Saunders.

A good Receipt for the Fever and Ague.4

Take two Ounces of Jesuits Bark, one Ounce of Snakeroot, one Ounce of Salt of Tartar, and Half an Ounce of Camomile Flowers; put them into a Half Gallon Bottle, filled with Jamaica Spirit, and set it into a Kettle of Water, over a moderate Fire, and let the Ingredients infuse three Days, the Water being kept rather warmer than Blood warm. Dose for a grown Person Half a Jill, three or four times between the Fits; for a Child of a Year old a Tea Spoonful, mixed with Balm Tea; the Quantity to be increased according to the Age of the Person. The Ingredients, by adding more Spirit to them, make a good preventing Bitter.

January. I Month.

On Ambition.5

I know, young Friend, Ambition fills your Mind,

And in Life’s Voyage is th’impelling Wind;

But at the Helm let sober Reason stand,

And steer the Bark with Heav’n-directed Hand:

So shall you safe Ambition’s Gales receive,

And ride securely, tho’ the Billows heave;

So shall you shun the giddy Hero’s Fate,

And by her Influence be both good and great.

One Nestor is worth two Ajaxes.

When you’re an Anvil, hold you still;

When you’re a Hammer, strike your Fill.

February. II Month.

She bids you first, in Life’s soft vernal Hours,

With active Industry wake Nature’s Powers;

With rising Years, still rising Arts display,

With new-born Graces mark each new-born Day.

’Tis now the Time young Passion to command,

While yet the pliant Stem obeys the Hand;

Guide now the Courser with a steady Rein,

E’er yet he bounds o’er Pleasure’s flow’ry Plain;

In Passion’s Strife, no Medium you can have;

You rule a Master, or submit a Slave.

When Knaves betray each other, one can scarce be blamed, or the other pitied.

He that carries a small Crime easily, will carry it on when it comes to be an Ox.

March. III Month.

“For whom these Toils, you may perhaps enquire”;

First for yourself. Next Nature will inspire,

The filial Thought, fond Wish, and Kindred Tear,

Which make the Parent and the Sister dear:

To these, in closest Bands of Love, ally’d,

Their Joy or Grief you live, their Shame or Pride;

Hence timely learn to make their Bliss your own,

And scorn to think or act for Self alone;

Happy Tom Crump, ne’er sees his own Hump.

Fools need Advice most, but wise Men only are the better for it.

April. IV Month.

Hence bravely strive upon your own to raise

Their Honour, Grandeur, Dignity and Praise.

But wider far, beyond the narrow Bound

Of Family, Ambition searches round;

Searches to find the Friend’s delightful Face,

The Friend at least demands the second Place.

And yet beware; for most desire a Friend

From meaner Motives, not for Virtue’s End.

There are, who with fond Favour’s fickle Gale

Now sudden swell, and now contract their Sail;

Silence in not always a Sign of Wisdom, but Babbling is ever a Mark of Folly.

Great Modesty often hides great Merit.

You may delay, but Time will not.

May. V Month.

This Week devour, the next with sickening Eye

Avoid, and cast the sully’d Play-thing by;

There are, who tossing in the Bed of Vice,

For Flattery’s Opiate give the highest Price;

Yet from the saving Hand of Friendship turn,

Her Med’cines dread, her generous Offers spurn.

Deserted Greatness! who but pities thee?

By Crowds encompass’d, thou no Friend canst see:

Virtue may not always make a Face handsome, but Vice will certainly make it ugly.

Prodigality of Time produces Poverty of Mind as well as of Estate.

June. VI Month.

Or should kind Truth invade thy tender Ear,

We pity still; for thou no Truth can’st hear.

Ne’er grudg’d thy Wealth to swell an useless State,

Yet, frugal, deems th’Expence of Friends too great;

For Friends ne’er mixing in ambitious Strife,

For Friends, the richest Furniture of Life!

Be yours, my Son, a nobler, higher Aim,

Your Pride to burn with Friendship’s sacred Flame;

Content is the Philosopher’s Stone, that turns all it touches into Gold.

He that’s content, hath enough; He that complains, has too much.

Pride gets into the Coach, and Shame mounts behind.

July. VII Month.

By Virtue kindled, by like Manners fed,

By mutual Wishes, mutual Favours spread,

Increas’d with Years, by candid Truth refin’d,

Pour all its boundless Ardours thro’ your Mind.

Be yours the Care a chosen Band to gain;

With them to Glory’s radiant Summit strain,

Aiding and aided each, while all contend,

Who best, who bravest, shall assist his Friend.

The first Mistake in publick Business, is the going into it.

Half the Truth is often a great Lie.

The Way to see by Faith, is to shut the Eye of Reason: The Morning Daylight appears plainer when you put out your Candle.

August. VIII Month.

Thus still should private Friendships spread around,

Till in their joint Embrace the Publick’s found,

The common Friend! Then all her Good explore;

Explor’d, pursue with each unbiass’d Power.

But chief the greatest should her Laws revere,

Ennobling Honours, which she bids them wear.

Ambition fills with Charity the Mind,

And pants to be the Friend of all Mankind.

A full Belly makes a dull Brain: The Muses starve in a Cook’s Shop.

Spare and have is better than spend and crave.

Good-Will, like the Wind, floweth where it listeth.

September. IX Month.

Her Country all beneath one ambient Sky:

Whoe’er beholds yon radiant Orbs on high,

To whom one Sun impartial gives the Day,

To whom the Silver Moon her milder Ray,

Whom the same Water, Earth, and Air sustain,

O’er whom one Parent-King extends his Reign

Are her Compatriots all, by her belov’d,

In Nature near, tho’ far by Space remov’d;

On common Earth, no Foreigner she knows;

No Foe can find, or none but Virtue’s Foes;

The Honey is sweet, but the Bee has a Sting.

In a corrupt Age, the putting the World in order would breed Confusion; then e’en mind your own Business.

October. X Month.

Ready she stands her chearful Aid to lend;

To Want and Woe an undemanded Friend.

Nor thus advances others Bliss alone;

But in the Way to theirs, still finds her own.

Their’s is her own. What, should your Taper light

Ten Thousand, burns it to yourself less bright?

“Men are ungrateful.” Be they so that dare!

Is that the Giver’s, or Receiver’s Care?

To serve the Publick faithfully, and at the same time please it entirely, is impracticable.

Proud Modern Learning despises the antient: Schoolmen are now laught at by Schoolboys.

November. XI Month.

Oh! blind to Joys, that from true Bounty flow,

To think those e’er repent whose Hearts bestow!

Man to his Maker thus best Homage pays,

Thus peaceful walks thro’ Virtue’s pleasing Ways:

Her gentle Image on the Soul imprest,

Bids each tempestuous Passion leave the Breast:

Thence with her livid Self-devouring Snakes

Pale Envy flies; her Quiver Slander breaks:

Thus falls (dire Scourge of a distracted Age!)

The Knave-led, one-ey’d Monster, Party Rage.

Men often mistake themselves, seldom forget themselves.

The idle Man is the Devil’s Hireling; whose Livery is Rags, whose Diet and Wages are Famine and Diseases.

December. XII Month.

Ambition jostles with her Friends no more;

Nor thirsts Revenge to drink a Brother’s Gore;

Fiery Remorse no stinging Scorpions rears:

O’er trembling Guilt no falling Sword appears.

Hence Conscience, void of Blame, her Front erects,

Her God she fears, all other Fear rejects.

Hence just Ambition boundless Splendors crown,

And hence she calls Eternity her own.

Rob not God, nor the Poor, lest thou ruin thyself; the Eagle snatcht a Coal from the Altar, but it fired her Nest.

With bounteous Cheer,

Conclude the Year. Vale

Poor Richard's Almanack

by Benjamin Franklin

Poor Richard was Benjamin Franklin's pseudonym he used to publish his popular annual Poor Richard's Almanack was published continuously fo 25 years, from 1732 to 1758. An average of 10,000 pamphlets were printed each year for the colonists' enjoyment, containing practical Yankee witticisms we continue to use to this day. "No gains without pains" and "haste makes waste" are great examples. Young readers will enjoy James Baldwin's chapter book, The Story of Benjamin Franklin.

A sampling of our favorite Franklin quotes, by year of the Almanack in which they were first published:


Eat to live, and not live to eat.
He that lies down with Dogs, shall rise up with fleas.
Light purse, heavy heart.
Distrust and caution are the parents of security.
Fools make feasts and wise men eat ’em.
Never spare the Parson’s wine, nor the Baker’s pudding.


You cannot pluck roses without fear of thorns.
Fools multiply folly.
Better to slip with foot than tongue.
Hope of gain, lessens pain.


Humility makes great men honourable.
Three may keep a Secret, if two of them are dead.
Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.


Fish and visitors stink in three days.
God helps them that help themselves.
Don't throw stones at your neighbours, if your own windows are glass.


Well done is better than well said.
A good lawyer is a bad neighbor.


Sell not virtue to purchase wealth, nor liberty to purchase power.
Wish not so much to live long as to live well.
Search others for their virtues, thy self for thy vices.
Wink at small faults; remember thou has great ones.


Trust thy self, and another shall not betray thee.
Industry need not wish.


To err is human, to repent divine, to persist devilish.
Speak and speed: the close mouth catches no flies.
Have you somewhat to do tomorrow, do it today.


A true friend is the best possession.


No gains without pains.
He's a fool that cannot conceal his wisdom.
Everyone blames his memory; no one blames his judgment.


The wise man draws more advantage from his enemies, than the fool from his friends.
Genius without education is like silver in the mine.


Haste makes waste.
Gifts much expected are paid, not given.


A long life may not be good enough, but a good life is long enough.


Laws too gentle are seldom obeyed; too sever, seldom executed.
Love your enemies, for they tell you your faults.
Love, and be loved.
A wise man will desire no more, than what he may get justly, use soberly, distribute cheerfully, and l leave contentedly.


Many a man's own tongue gives evidence against his understanding.
Act uprightly, and dispise calumny; dirt may stick to a mud wall, but not to a polish'd marble.
Little strokes fell great oaks.
It is hard for an empty bag to stand upright.


They that won't be counselled, can't be helped.
Silence is not always a sign of wisdom, but babbling is ever a mark of folly.
Dost though love life, then do not squander time, for that's the stuff life is made of.

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