|111th United States Congress|
United States Capitol (2007)
|January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011|
|Senate President||Dick Cheney (R),|
until January 20, 2009
Joe Biden (D),
from January 20, 2009
|Senate Pres. pro tem||Robert Byrd (D),|
until June 28, 2010
Daniel Inouye (D)
from June 28, 2010
|House Speaker||Nancy Pelosi (D)|
6 non-voting delegates
|1st: January 6, 2009 – December 24, 2009|
2nd: January 5, 2010 – December 22, 2010
The One Hundred Eleventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government from January 3, 2009, until January 3, 2011. It began during the last two weeks of the George W. Bush administration, with the remainder spanning the first two years of Barack Obama's presidency. It was composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The apportionment of seats in the House was based on the 2000 U.S. Census. In the November 4, 2008, elections, the Democratic Party increased its majorities in both chambers, giving President Obama a Democratic majority in the legislature for the first two years of his presidency. A new delegate seat was created for the Northern Mariana Islands. The 111th Congress had the most experienced members in history: at the start of the 111th Congress, the average member of the House had served 10.3 years, while the average Senator had served 13.4 years. This Congress has been considered one of the most productive Congresses in history in terms of legislation passed since the 89th Congress, during Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society.
Main articles: 2009 in the United States, 2010 in the United States, and 2011 in the United States
- January 2009: Two Senate seats were disputed when the Congress convened:
- An appointment dispute over the Illinois seat vacated by President Barack Obama arose following Illinois GovernorRod Blagojevich's solicitation of bribes in exchange for an appointment to the Senate. Roland Burris (D) was appointed to the seat on December 31, 2008 but his credentials were not accepted until January 12, 2009.
- An election dispute over the Minnesota seat previously held by Norm Coleman (R), between Coleman and challenger Al Franken (D), was decided in June 30, 2009 in favor of Franken. Franken's admission gave the Senate Democratic caucus sixty votes, enough to defeat a filibuster in a party-line vote.
- January 8, 2009: Joint session counted the Electoral College votes of the 2008 presidential election.
- January 20, 2009: Inauguration of President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden.
- February 24, 2009: President's speech to a Joint Session
- April 28, 2009: Senator Arlen Specterswitched from the Republican Party to the Democratic Party.
- September 9, 2009: President Obama addressed a joint session of Congress to promote health care reform, which Representative Joe Wilson (R) interrupted by shouting at the President.
- January 25, 2010: 2010 State of the Union Address
- February 4, 2010: Republican Scott Brown's election to the Senate ended the Democratic supermajority.
- April 20, 2010: Deepwater Horizon oil spill
- November 2, 2010: 2010 general elections, in which Republicans regained control of the House while the Democrats remained in control of the Senate.
Main article: Acts of the 111th United States Congress
- January 29, 2009: Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009, Pub.L. 111–2
- February 4, 2009: Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (SCHIP), Pub.L. 111–3
- February 17, 2009: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA), Pub.L. 111–5
- March 11, 2009: Omnibus Appropriations Act, 2009, Pub.L. 111–8
- March 30, 2009: Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009, Pub.L. 111–11
- April 21, 2009: Edward M. Kennedy Serve America Act, Pub.L. 111–13
- May 20, 2009: Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009, Pub.L. 111–21
- May 20, 2009: Helping Families Save Their Homes Act of 2009, Pub.L. 111–22
- May 22, 2009: Weapon Systems Acquisition Reform Act of 2009, Pub.L. 111–23
- May 22, 2009: Credit CARD Act of 2009, Pub.L. 111–24
- June 22, 2009: Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act, as Division A of Pub.L. 111–31
- June 24, 2009: Supplemental Appropriations Act of 2009 including the Car Allowance Rebate System (Cash for Clunkers), Pub.L. 111–32
- October 28, 2009: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010, including the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, Pub.L. 111–84
- November 6, 2009: Worker, Homeownership, and Business Assistance Act of 2009, Pub.L. 111–92
- December 16, 2009: Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010, Pub.L. 111–117
- February 12, 2010: Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act, as Title I of Pub.L. 111–139
- March 4, 2010: Travel Promotion Act of 2009, as Section 9 of Pub.L. 111–145
- March 18, 2010: Hiring Incentives to Restore Employment Act, Pub.L. 111–147
- March 23, 2010: Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Pub.L. 111–148
- March 30, 2010: Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, including the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act, Pub.L. 111–152
- May 5, 2010: Caregivers and Veterans Omnibus Health Services Act of 2010, Pub.L. 111–163
- July 1, 2010: Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, Pub.L. 111–195
- July 21, 2010: Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, Pub.L. 111–203
- July 29, 2010: Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010
- August 3, 2010: Fair Sentencing Act of 2010, Pub.L. 111–220
- August 10, 2010: Securing the Preservation of Our Enduring and Established Constitutional Heritage Act, Pub.L. 111–223
- September 27, 2010: Small Business Jobs and Credit Act of 2010, Pub.L. 111–240
- December 8, 2010: Claims Resolution Act of 2010, Pub.L. 111–291
- December 13, 2010: Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, Pub.L. 111–296
- December 17, 2010: Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010, Pub.L. 111–312, H.R. 4853
- December 22, 2010: Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010, Pub.L. 111–321, H.R. 2965
- January 2, 2011: James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010, Pub.L. 111–347, H.R. 847
- January 4, 2011: Shark Conservation Act, Pub.L. 111–348, H.R. 81
- January 4, 2011: Food Safety and Modernization Act, Pub.L. 111–353, H.R. 2751
Health care reform
See also: Health care reform in the United States and Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
At the encouragement of the Obama administration, Congress devoted significant time considering health care reform. In March 2010, Obama signed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act into law, the first comprehensive health care reform legislation in decades that created the first National health insurance program, along with further amendments in the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010. Other major reform proposals during the health care debate included:
- (in alphabetical order)
- See also: Active Legislation, 111th Congress, via senate.gov
See also: List of United States presidential vetoes
See also: List of United States treaties
Major nomination hearings
See also: Impeachment investigations of United States federal judges
- Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section, below.
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous Congress||48||2||49||99||1|
|January 15, 2009||56||99||1|
|January 20, 2009||55||98||2|
|January 26, 2009||56||99||1|
|April 30, 2009||57||40|
|July 7, 2009||58||100||0|
|August 25, 2009||57||99||1|
|September 9, 2009||39||98||2|
|September 10, 2009||40||99||1|
|September 25, 2009||58||100||0|
|February 4, 2010||57||41|
|June 28, 2010||56||99||1|
|July 16, 2010||57||100||0|
|November 29, 2010||56||42|
|Final voting share||58%||42%|
|Beginning of the next Congress||51||2||47||100||0|
House of Representatives
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous Congress||235||198||433||2|
|January 26, 2009||255||433||2|
|February 24, 2009||254||432||3|
|March 31, 2009||255||433||2|
|April 7, 2009||256||434||1|
|June 26, 2009||255||433||2|
|July 14, 2009||256||434||1|
|September 21, 2009||177||433||2|
|November 3, 2009||258||435||0|
|December 22, 2009||257||178|
|January 3, 2010||256||434||1|
|February 8, 2010||255||433||2|
|February 28, 2010||254||432||3|
|March 8, 2010||253||431||4|
|March 21, 2010||177||430||5|
|April 13, 2010||254||431||4|
|May 18, 2010||255||432||3|
|May 21, 2010||176||431||4|
|May 22, 2010||177||432||3|
|June 8, 2010||178||433||2|
|November 2, 2010||180||435||0|
|November 29, 2010||179||434||1|
|Final voting share||58.8%||41.2%|
|Beginning of next Congress||193||242||435||0|
Section contents:Senate: Majority (D), Minority (R) • House: Majority (D), Minority (R)
Majority (Democratic) leadership
Minority (Republican) leadership
House of Representatives
Majority (Democratic) leadership
- Majority Leader: Steny Hoyer
- Majority Whip: Jim Clyburn
- Senior Chief Deputy Majority Whip: John Lewis
- Chief Deputy Majority Whips: Maxine Waters, John S. Tanner, Ed Pastor, Jan Schakowsky, Joseph Crowley, Diana DeGette, G.K. Butterfield, Debbie Wasserman Schultz
- Caucus Chairman: John B. Larson
- Caucus Vice-Chairman: Xavier Becerra
- Campaign Committee Chairman: Chris Van Hollen
- Steering/Policy Committee Co-Chairs: George Miller and Rosa DeLauro
- Organization, Study, and Review Chairman: Michael Capuano
Minority (Republican) leadership
In this Congress, Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 2010; Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 2012; and Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 2014.
2 Independents, caucusing with Democrats
Read our 2017 Report Card for Menéndez.
Menéndez is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the Senate positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Menéndez has sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.
Ratings from Advocacy Organizations
Robert “Bob” Menéndez sits on the following committees:
- Ranking Member, Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
- Ex Officio, Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health Policy
- Ex Officio, Subcommittee on East Asia, the Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy
- Ex Officio, Subcommittee on Europe and Regional Security Cooperation
- Ex Officio, Subcommittee on Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutions, and International Economic, Energy, and Environmental Policy
- Ex Officio, Subcommittee on Near East, South Asia, Central Asia, and Counterterrorism
- Ex Officio, Subcommittee on State Department and USAID Management, International Operations, and Bilateral International Development
- Ex Officio, Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights, and Global Women's Issues
- Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
- Senate Committee on Finance
Menéndez was the primary sponsor of 13 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
View All »
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Menéndez sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:
International Affairs (34%)Health (16%)Taxation (13%)Civil Rights and Liberties, Minority Issues (9%)Finance and Financial Sector (9%)Education (7%)Emergency Management (6%)Housing and Community Development (5%)
Some of Menéndez’s most recently sponsored bills include...
View All » | View Cosponsors »
|Menéndez’s Vote||Vote Description|
|Nay||On the Nomination PN755: Tilman Eugene Self III, of Georgia, to be United States District Judge for the Middle District of Georgia|
Mar 5, 2018. Nomination Confirmed 85/11.
|Yea||H.R. 1892: Further Extension of Continuing Appropriations Act, 2018; Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2018, the SUSTAIN Care Act of 2018; Family First Prevention Services Act.; Honoring Hometown ...|
Feb 9, 2018. Motion Agreed to 71/28.
This bill became the vehicle for passage of funding for the federal government through March 23, 2018, to avert a government shutdown that would have occurred on February 9, 2018 had this bill not been enacted. The bill was introduced as the Honoring Hometown Heroes ...
|Nay||S. 89: A bill to amend title 46, United States Code, to exempt old vessels that only operate within inland waterways from the fire-retardant materials requirement if the ...|
Apr 3, 2017. Bill Passed 85/12.
|Nay||H.R. 5325: Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2017|
Sep 28, 2016. Bill Passed 72/26.
|Yea||H.R. 22: Developing a Reliable and Innovative Vision for the Economy Act|
Dec 3, 2015. Conference Report Agreed to 83/16.
H.R 22, formerly the Hire More Heroes Act, has become the Senate’s vehicle for passage of the Developing a Reliable and Innovative Vision for the Economy Act or DRIVE Act (S. 1647). The DRIVE Act is a major bipartisan transportation bill that would authorize funding ...
|Yea||H.J.Res. 124 (113th): Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2015|
Sep 18, 2014. Joint Resolution Passed 78/22.
|Nay||S. 1789 (112th): 21st Century Postal Service Act of 2012|
Apr 25, 2012. Bill Passed 62/37.
|Yea||H.R. 3606 (112th): Jumpstart Our Business Startups|
Mar 22, 2012. Bill Passed 73/26.
|Nay||S. 365 (112th): Budget Control Act of 2011|
Aug 2, 2011. Motion Agreed to 74/26.
The Budget Control Act of 2011 (Pub.L. 112–25, S. 365, 125 Stat. 240, enacted August 2, 2011) is a federal statute in the United States that was signed into law by President Barack Obama on August 2, 2011. The Act brought conclusion to the United ...
|Yea||H.R. 4853 (111th): Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010|
Dec 15, 2010. Motion Agreed to 81/19.
The Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 (Pub.L. 111–312, H.R. 4853, 124 Stat. 3296, enacted December 17, 2010), also known as the 2010 Tax Relief Act, was passed by the United States Congress on December 16, 2010, and signed into ...
From Jan 2006 to Mar 2018, Menéndez missed 145 of 3,651 roll call votes, which is 4.0%. This is much worse than the median of 1.4% among the lifetime records of senators currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
Show the numbers...
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
Robert “Bob” Menéndez is pronounced:
RO-bert // muh-NEN-dez
The letters stand for sounds according to the following table:
|Letter||Sounds As In|
Capital letters indicate a stressed syllable.