Dbq Essay On The French And Indian War

Causes And Impact Of The French And Indian War

Explain the causes and impact of the French and Indian War in terms of the new policies England imposed on its colonies in North America that eventually led to the American Revolution.

There are several occurrences throughout American history which helped define this country. One of those memorable events was the battle between the English and French for primary supremacy over the North American continent, also known as the French and Indian War. This war was a tussle which eventually led to a successful endeavor by the British to achieve a central position in America and almost completely stripped the French of their claims in North America, the West Indies, and parts of India. The impact of this war greatly changed the American colonies in several meticulous areas.

Britain and France, prior to the war, had always been rivals of one another and fought in century-long battles against each other. The French and Indian War erupted from conflicts over the control of the valuable fur trade, and the rich sugar production located in the West Indies. Throughout the war, both countries relied on military assistance from their colonists, and their Native American allies.

The three major conflicts which triggered the French and Indian war were King William's War (1689 - 1697), Queen Anne's War (1702 - 1713) and King George's War (1744 - 1748). Following these series of wars, the last conflict between Britain and France for dominance over North America was known as the French and Indian War (1689 - 1763). It started as a struggle for control over the "middle ground" territory of the Ohio Valley. This "middle ground" between the French and English colonies in North America was subjugated by the Iroquois Confederacy.

The Ohio Company, which gradually encouraged British expeditions to conquer the Ohio Valley, had received a grant from the King ordering traders and settlers into this 500,000 acre territory. In 1753, a leading member of the Ohio Valley and the Governor of Virginia provided George Washington with his first military mission. He carried with him a message to the French warning them abandon the vicinity. The French saw this as a threat to the profits of the fur trade and also their territorial claims of the vast Ohio and Mississippi River valleys. When George Washington defeated a small French force and built a parapet which became known as Fort Necessity, the French commanded a...

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French And Indian War Dbq Essay

Merry Nguyen

Michael Stephenson

AP U.S. History, P5

15 September 2014

French and Indian War Effects - DBQ Essay

For many years, throughout the 17th century and 18th century, Britain maintained a neutral relationship with its American colonies. By upholding salutary neglect, the British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws, the American colonies remained obedient to Britain. However, after the French and Indian War (1754-1763), Britain's relations with its colonist were drastically altered. The war greatly damaged Britain's economy and because of its pyrrhic victory, a series of taxes were implemented on the American colonists. The unfair taxation ideologically changed the Americans' views on Britain and they felt they were not represented in Parliament. The French and Indian war altered the relations between Britain and its American colonists politically by giving Britain control of the east, economically by putting Britain in extreme debt and compelling Parliament to impose taxes on its colonists, and ideologically by shifting the colonists' loyalty towards rebellion against Britain.

The French defeat in the war paved way to the expansion of British territory throughout the eastern coastline (Document A). The colonists began to settle on the land beyond the Appalachian Mountains, which resulted in tensions with the Natives who primarily resided there. Canassatego, chief of the Onondaga Nation of the Iroquois Confederacy, delivered a speech to the representatives of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia. In the speech, he speaks with an accusatory tone as he is angered by the unrightfully settling of the American colonists (Document B). He sees the white settlers as people who spoil his hunting and addresses to the representatives that they know the colonists have no right to settle in the Natives' land. Because of this speech and Pontiac's Rebellion, Britain was forced to implement the Proclamation Line of 1763,...

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