A Visit to a Historical Building
A Visit to a Historical Place
The Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is the most magnificent building in India. It is called ‘one of the seven wonders of the world.” It was built by the Moghul Emperor Shah Jahan in the sweet memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Twenty thousand workmen including some European masons worked day and night for twenty years to build it. It cost the Emperor several crores of rupees.
I had a keen desire to visit this famous building of the world. At last the day came when my long-cherished desire turned into reality. Last year I had an occasion to attend the marriage of a friend of mine. This gave me a chance to see this master-piece of artistic design. As I came close to it, I was struck by its unique structure. It is a marvel in marble. We went to the underground room where Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal lie buried. Our minds went back to the times of Shah Jahan when he built this building at a high cost.
The Taj is surrounded by a cypress garden on three sides. It is situated on the bank of the river Jamuna which lends charm to its beauty. The surroundings and the garden and lustre to its architecture. The beauty of the Taj beggars description.
In the moonlit night, its glory and splender become unique. It is an intoxication and a delight to watch this marvelous feat of workmanship in a full moonlight night. I have seen several buildings but none presents such a glorious view. It is matchless in beauty.
Some historians have named it “the crown of the world.” Someone has rightly called it a ‘poem in marble.’ In short, it is a paradise on earth. It is a thing of beauty and a joy forever. The crimson rays of the sun at the time of sunset, enhance its beauty and glory.
My joy knew no bounds on seeing this wonderful building. Its memory will always remain fresh in my mind. My knowledge about the Taj is now first hand. It is quite different form the second hand information which I had got from my books.
I also visited some other historical buildings in Agra Fort. It is a huge buildings that reminds the visitors of the lofty grandeur and the glory of the great Moghul Kings. I then went to Fatehpur Sikri where I saw the famous Buland Darwaza, the Panch Mahal and many other buildings. All these magnificent structures made a deep impression on me but there is nothing to match the beauty of the Taj.
I was reminded of the English lady who, on seeing the Taj, had said to her husband,” If you promise to build a monument like the Taj in my memory, I am ready to die right now.”
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A Visit to A Place of Historic Interest
A Visit to A Place of Historic Interest :
I took A Visit to A Place of Historic Interest. I had an opportunity to visit the ruins of Taxila in far off North West of India. Leaving Madras, I took four days to reach Lahore. It took me twelve hours to reach Taxila, a distance of four hundred kilometers. The ruins of ancient Taxila are on the mountain sides in the lower ranges of the Himalayas. Getting down at the railway station, I engaged a Horse cart for five rupees to show me around all the places. It was a circuit of six miles comprising five different places and it took me four hours to do it.
The first place I visited was a monastery surrounding as stupa adorned with terracotta figures of Buddha’s, life-size and life-like in their artistic execution, different form the massive bold figures of south Indian temples. The artistic perfections reached in these figures was due to the Greek influence in the architecture and sculpture of these parts of India and the softer material used for making those figure, viz. terracotta. The clay figures and bricks of the Himalayan slopes, when baked, are quite as hard as stones.
The figures combined the grace and sublimity of the Indian mind under truly spiritual inspirations with the purely artistic perfections of the Greek sculptor of the classic era, the period of their execution dating 300 B.C. - 200 A. D.., i.e., soon after the invasion of India by Alexander.
The next place I visited was a small town. What I saw there was half a dozen streets with the walls of the houses standing alone without any sign of a roof. I learnt that after the streets were destroyed by the Huns by fire, there were only the walls felt. The streets were perfectly straight and at right angle to one another and with a perfect drainage system. What must have been palace was a dilapidated pile of building with more spacious rooms. The palace looked much less imposing than the big houses of landlords of these days.
I then visited a fine temple dedicated to Marthand - The Sun. Afterwards I went to Kunala - the capital of Asoka’s son, who was sent out by Asoka as the governor of Gandhara.
The last place I saw was a large village where excavations were still going on. In this connection, we must remember that The Takshasila in ancient times was one of the two or three great universities of India. After its destruction by Huns it was completely abandoned and forgotten. And the place was covered with mud for over 1500 years, so that nothing but Mounds of soft mud is to be seen for miles around. About fifty years ago, some villagers who dug in those regions for mud to build their house, had come against stone walls. The matter was reported to the archeological department who have since excavated and unearthed the most celebrated seat of leaning in ancient India. This is A Visit to A Place of Historic Interest.
A Visit to A Place of Historic Interest
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